What are Hiccups ?
Before we move on to the Hiccups Causes and How to Stop Hiccups ? First we see what is actually a hiccup ? The National Organization for Rare Diseases (NORD) describes hiccups as “an involuntary spasmodic contraction of the muscle at the base of the lungs (diaphragm) followed by the rapid closure of the vocal cords”. Hiccups are pharmaceutically known as synchronous diaphragmatic flutter (SDF). It occurs individually or in bouts. Hiccups are repeated between equal interval of time and ends in a few hours or a day. Sometimes it may continued for a long period of time which is called Chronic Hiccups.
What Causes Hiccups ?
There are so many situations associated with hiccups, but none of these shown to be the exact cause of hiccups. Some lifestyle factors have been linked with a higher risk of having them. Since, what causes hiccups remains unclear but chronic hiccups are associated with a wide range of medical conditions, including gastrointestinal problems. Stay tuned below to see the conditions which not directly but indirectly becomes cause of hiccups.
- Taking carbonated drinks, hot liquids, soda drinks, or alcoholic drinks.
- Eating too fast. As we can swallow air along with food and end up with the hiccups.
- Chewing gum or smoking can cause hiccups as person may swallow air.
- Experiencing strong emotions, stress and anxiety.
- Eating hot or spicy food which irritates the phrenic nerve i.e. near the esophagus.
- Some respiratory conditions like pneumonia, pleurisy of the diaphragm, asthma and habitual consumption of alcohol.
- Hiccups are common in babies in the first year, they may hiccup after coughing or crying.
- Noxious fumes can also provoke hiccups.
- Eating too much, gas in the stomach that presses against the diaphragm can also cause hiccups.
- Strokes or brain tumors, encephalitis, meningitis, and trauma to the brain also causes hiccups.
- Some problems with the liver can cause hiccups including infection, swelling, or masses that cause diaphragm irritation.
How to Stop Hiccups ?
Mainly hiccups will stop on their own but sometimes we need some home remedies to stop hiccups. If a person is suffering from chronic hiccups then he or she needs to take medical treatment. Mostly hiccups are normal and stop with some common home tips. Below are some simple tricks and home remedies by which we come to know how to stop hiccups ?
- Take a deep breath and hold it for 10 seconds (repeat it 5-6 times).
- Drink a glass of water quickly or drink water from the far side of a glass.
- Swallow something sweet (great if you take sugar).
- Sip some hot sauce as its heat and burn distract your body to focus on the burn, instead of the hiccup process.
- Have someone or something which scares you.
- Swallow something sour like vinegar as its taste could stop hiccups in its tracks.
- Bite on a lemon.
- Put one teaspoon of honey on the back of your tongue and then swallow it slowly. You can also put one-half teaspoon of dry sugar in place of honey.
- Pull hard on your tongue.
- Breathe deeply and slowly into a paper bag for few minutes, which increases the carbon dioxide level in the blood. This may stop the hiccup spasms.
Above you saw that what is hiccup, what causes hiccups, and how to stop hiccups. So, you come to know all the remedies to stop hiccups. But in case, above remedies are not effective in some conditions like chronic hiccups or anything else then medical hiccups treatment is needed as soon as possible. If you have any kind of stomach pain, fever, vomiting, shortness of breath along with hiccups, then immediately talk to your doctor and take treatment. Some of the medications or hiccups treatment or how to stop hiccups prescribed by doctor are given below-
- Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
- Phenytoin (Dilantin)
- Baclofen (Lioresal)
- Anesthesia to block the phrenic nerve
- Surgery to disable the phrenic nerve (in very rare cases)
After reading this above post, you come to know all about hiccups, what causes hiccups, how to stop hiccups and hiccups treatment. If you want to consult with doctor about this then you can call or book appointment online – CLICK HERE.