Whooping Cough which is also known as pertussis, a highly contagious respiratory tract bacterial infection that gets into your throat and nose. Whooping Cough Symptoms are usually developed within 6-8 days after you are exposed with whooping cough. But sometimes symptoms do not develop for as long as 3 weeks. It can cause serious sickness in adults, babies and teens. Deaths may not occur in whooping cough but it may occur in infants. This cough spreads easily, but vaccines like Tdap and DTaP can help to prevent it in infant and adults. It is very important for people who have close contact with an infant and also for pregnant women to be vaccinated against it. Pertussis can cause rapid and brutal coughing over and over until there is air in the lungs. You are forced to inhale with whooping sound when there is no air in the lungs.
In this given post you will come to know the full detail about this disease. Like Whooping Cough Symptoms, Whooping Cough Causes, Whooping Cough Treatment and Whooping Cough Prevention and much more.
Whooping Cough Symptoms
In the beginning, whooping cough has the same symptoms as the normal cough and cold like:
- Low-grade fever
- Red and watery eyes
- Mild Coughing
- Loss of appetite
- Runny nose
- Apnea (a pause in breathing in babies)
- Nasal congestion
After 1 to 2 weeks, the cough turns into uncontrollable coughing and the disease progresses. It shows the following symptoms like –
- Provoke vomiting during or after coughing fits
- Extreme tiredness after coughing
- Cause too much fatigue
- Results in blue or red face
- A high-pitched whooping sound while coughing but it may not occur with young infants
Whooping Cough Causes
Whooping cough is caused by bacteria which is called Bordetella pertussis. It is passed on when an infected person sneezes or coughs. Its tiny germs are sprayed into the air and breathed into the lungs of any person who is near that air. This bacteria mainly infects the trachea (windpipe) and lungs. When whooping cough caused, it is very difficult to take breathe and whoop sound comes with coughing.
Whooping Cough Symptoms Prevention
The best way to prevent whooping cough symptoms is Bordetella pertussis vaccine. Doctors often give this vaccine in combination with diphtheria and tetanus vaccines which are also serious diseases vaccines. Whooping cough affects approximately 49 million people every year and out of these 295000 people will die. The whooping cough vaccine consists of 5 injections, typically given to the babies at these ages :
- 2 months
- 4 months
- 6 months
- 15-18 months
- 4-6 years
Whooping Cough Vaccine Side Effects
There may also be side effects of this vaccine which includes crankiness, fever, headache, fatigue at the site of the injection. These effects are normal, but you can consult with your doctor if your baby is affected by this.
Whooping Cough Treatment
Antibiotics are used against Bordetella pertussis vaccine in the treatment of whooping cough. These antibiotics are very effective in reducing the intensity of whooping cough at the early stages of the disease. It is also prescribed to treat any other infections that may have developed. Preventative (prophylactic) antibiotic treatment can be recommended to prevent the spreading of bacteria for other members of the household. At the second stage of this disease, antibiotics such as azithromycin(5-day course), erythromycin*(14-day course), clarithromycin(7-day course) are given to reduce the complexity of this disease.
Treatments given to the child for whooping cough symptoms other than antibiotics are –
- Maintaining fluid intake
- Giving small frequent meals
- Full bed rest
- Sit with a child in a steamy bathroom for sometime
- Use of humidifier to warm the air that may be helpful in reducing coughing spams.
Infants are usually admitted to the hospital for treatment in severe cases of whooping cough symptoms. Approximate 75%, this disease caused in infants under six months of age. Infants need hospitalization and are kept in an isolation ward to prevent infection.
Hospital treatment may include the following :
- Isolation from other children to prevent the infection of disease
- Administering fluids through a drip to prevent dehydration
- Monitoring for signs of complications in disease
- Administering oxygen
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