What is Zika Virus?
Before moving on to the Zika virus symptoms and treatment, first, you may come to know What is Zika Virus? Zika virus is a mosquito-borne viral infection caused by a virus transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes. These mosquitoes usually bite during the day. It is similar to yellow fever, West Nile virus and dengue fever. Aedes mosquitoes also spread dengue and Chikungunya viruses. Zika virus is mostly transmitted through bites, but can also occur through intrauterine infection. A mosquito becomes infected when it feeds on the blood of a person infected with the Zika virus. Then that mosquito is capable of transmitting the virus to other people through its bites.
Zika Virus Symptoms
Most people infected with Zika virus have no signs and symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they are generally mild and usually begin 2 to 7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. The people may experience the following Zika virus symptoms-
- Joint and muscle pain
- Lack of energy
- A headache
- Skin rash
- Red Eyes (conjunctivitis)
- Physical Weakness
- Loss of appetite
- Swelling of Cheeks
How to Prevent Zika Virus Infection?
There is no vaccine to prevent Zika virus Infection. Protection against mosquito bites during the day and early evening is a key measure to prevent Zika virus infection. When you go into mosquito-infested areas, wear loose-fitting, long-sleeved, light-coloured, tucked-in shirts with long pants and a hat. Also, wear shoes or boots rather than sandals. If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, avoid travelling to affected areas. Use mosquito nets over beds and cribs.
Zika Virus Treatment
There is no specific vaccine or treatment for Zika virus infection but Zika virus symptoms can be treated. A diagnosis of Zika virus infection can only be confirmed by laboratory tests of blood or other body fluids, such as urine or semen. People with Zika virus infection should take plenty of rest, drink fluids, and treat pain and fever with common medicines. If it is not treated with common medicines, then they should seek extra medical care and advice. Pregnant women living in areas with Zika transmission or who develop symptoms of Zika virus infection should attempt medical attention for laboratory testing and other diagnostic care. There are also some vaccinations currently being developed. But overall, protection against mosquitoes is the best way to treat Zika Virus.
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